Energizers, or stimulants, are psychoactive drugs that create a temporary improvement to cognitive and/or physical function. For example, common sensations include alertness, extra bursts of energy and wakefulness. For this reason they are often referred to as “uppers”.
The majority of stimulants work by interacting with the central and peripheral nervous system, each substance having a different signature effect. Some stimulants also cause euphoria, with makes it a euphoriant. There are many legal and widely available stimulants available, with nicotine and caffeine being the most common.
Thanks to the tobacco industry and the historical fashionable significance of smoking, nicotine is one of the most used stimulants in the world. It has very little medicinal value, but a large chunk of the world have come to both physically and mentally rely on it to relax and stimulate. Nicotine works by releasing neurotransmitters and hormones, which in turn produces the enhancement of concentration and alertness.
Caffeine is hands down the most used stimulant on the globe. It‘s the everyday fuel that keeps businesses running, and individuals buzzing along the day. Caffeine‘s most common form is in coffee, but it can also be found in energy drinks and caffeine pills as well as many other products. It naturally appears in a number of plants, most notably in Tea, Guarana and Yerba Mate. Caffeine creates a feeling of increased energy and alertness. Due to its unprecedented popularity, there is a constant stream of research being done into the effects of caffeine - with many varying and contradictory positives and negatives of its long term use being found.
Cocaine is an illegal drug that is used recreationally, often as a party drug, for its stimulating and euphoric effects. It is created from the leaves of the coca tree and used to be used as a medicine along with other narcotics such as opium back in the Victorian era. Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that is absorbed with incredible speed, no matter how it is taken. Cocaine has extremely stimulating effects, inducing a feeling of energy, alertness, confidence and euphoria.
Amphetamines are a group of stimulating psychoactive drugs that are usually referred to as uppers. Examples include speed, MDMA, adderal, ritalin and meth. They work by stimulating the central nervous system, causing feelings of euphoria and increased energy. Each has a slightly different effect, with some having more serious consequences than others. For example, meth, one of the most widely used amphetamines in the USA, is highly addictive and can cause brain damage; whereas MDMA is understood to have considerable therapeutic value, triggering euphoria and feelings of friendliness and love. The majority of amphetamines are illegal, but some have been used as prescription medicine to treat obesity and attention deficit disorders. However, their addictive qualities have seen them fall into disuse.