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What is copelandia cyanescens?

Many species of fungi contain tryptamine alkaloids - and one of them is Copelandia Cyanescens. This mind-altering/expanding or psychoactive seems to originally originate from Asia, but because this strain is mostly found and consumed on Hawaii, it is known as "The Hawaiian"

More than 180 species of fungi are acknowledged as containing the tryptamine alkaloids Psilocybin and/or Psilocin. All those species are Agaricales (gilled mushrooms) and include the genera Agrocybe, Galerina and Mycena (one species each), Conocybe (4 species), Inocybe (6 species), Hypholoma (6 species), Pluteus (6 species), Panaeolus (7 species), Copelandia (12 species), Gymnopilus (13 species) and Psilocybe (117 species).

The majority of the Psilocybe species are found in the humid, subtropical forests of New Guinea and Mexico. The most neurotropic fungi can be found in Mexico: 76 species. 44 of those species belong to Psilocybe - and those are constituting 39% of all Psilocybe species of the world.

Magic mushrooms have a long record of use in Mexico and are the most commonly and widely available and most popular natural psychedelic today.

History

Psilocybe Cubensis is known to flourish in the manure of cattle and buffalo in the Non Nak Tha region in Thailand and recently, at an archaeological site, the bones of zebu cattle were excavated in conjunction with human remains. This temporal and physical relationship between human bones and the bones of cattle, suggested Terence McKenna (1992), was evidence that psychoactive mushrooms were known to the people who inhabited this region around 15000 BC.

Cave paintings dating as far back as 9000 BC on the Tassili Plains in northern Algeria (Samorini. 1992; Gartz, 1996) depict anthropomorphic figures with images of mushrooms on their bodies, said to be evidence that mushrooms were known and used in a spiritual and mystic manner. Emboden describes a cure for "the laughing sickness" (unintentional ingestion of psilocybian mushrooms) in 1979, a remedy from the 2nd century Chin dynasty in China.

Until the arrival of Spaniards who aggressively spread the Catholic faith with torture, sword and fire and banned their use, psilocybin mushrooms (and other hallucinogens) were commonly used in Southern and Central America; supposedly Psilocybe Mexicana or Caerulescens and Panaolus Sphinctrinus.

Wasson wrote in 1898, that Seven Flower, the Mixtec Indians' god of hallucinatory plants and particularly the divine mushrooms, is depicted with a pair of mushrooms in his hand. The Aztec god for entheogens was called Xochipilli, Prince of Flowers.

When Gordon Wasson came to the Mazatec village of Huatla de Jimenez in 1898, he experienced a "Velada" session held by healer Maria Sabina, a religious ritual under the influence of massive doses of Psilocybe mushrooms. From now on the information about the Psilocybin mushrooms was spread and the first experiments were made.

Psilocybin and Psilocin, the main active substances in magic mushrooms were found and identified by Dr. Albert Hoffman (the discoverer of LSD) in 1958 and he also synthesized both of those psychedelic substances. After their significant influence in the "60's psychedelic movement" (The Vaults of Erowid: Sacred mushrooms), are Psilocybin mushrooms still one of the most commonly used hallucinogenic substances for recreational use.

Copelandia Cyanescens, which seems to originally originate from Asia, has most likely been introduced to the Hawaiian Islands during the early 1800s, when cattle was imported from the Philippines.

Copelandia Cyanescens was first identified in 1871 as Agaricus Cyanescens, by Berkeley and Broome from Sri Lanka and a few years later as Copelandia Papilionacea by Bresadola from the Philippines.

Botanical

Copelandia Cyanescens is commonly found in Mexico, Brazil, Bolivia, The Philippines, Eastern Australia, India, Bali, Southeast Asia, Hawaii, Louisiana and Florida in the United States and other similar locations.

Copelandia Cyanescens belongs to the family Coprinaceae and is primarily coprophilic, but has been found in grassland areas where manure had previously been deposited as well.

Appearance

The mushroom is rather small with a light-colored head and a long narrow stem. When the mushroom gets "hurt", it will show an intense and immediate bluing reaction (like a bruise).

Chemistry

Copelandia Cyancescens has a higher Psilocin than Psilocybin level and the concentration of these psychoactive alkaloids is higher than in any other magic mushroom known today; according to Schultes and Hoffmann, 1980. What differs those alkaloids, is, that Psilocin is not stable and it decomposes when the mushrooms are dried, while Psilocybin is very stable and lasts much longer (Psilocybin has been found in a 115-year old mushroom sample). Both are equally psychoactive and increase the Dopamine level in the brain - the beginning of the trip.

Effects

Historical reports about the mind-altering and -expanding effects of Psilocybin are described as a visit to the spiritual world. While the hallucinogenic effects are comparable to LSD, is Psilocybin 200 times less powerful and the trip is significantly shorter. Typical bodily reactions are enlarged pupils, relaxed muscles and a cold feeling of the limbs and abdomen. Stronger doses of magic mushrooms lead to "bent" time and space, visionary deep thoughts (total understanding of "how the whole universe works"), greatly increased creativity and of course, hallucinations. Psychonauts with prior experience with Psilocybin are often more prone to the effects and more easily "disconnect" from the daily reality - and cope much better with the newly acquired state of consciousness.

Where this trip takes one to, greatly depends on the traveler and her/his mood and state of mind. So, your experience will (always!) be 100% unique - no matter how many stories you'll hear or read about a trip, none will describe your personal visit to the "other, visionary world".

Copelandia Cyancescens is much stronger than any Cubensis mushroom variety and induces a more visual trip with vivid and "tropical" colors.

The effects on a medium dose last for about 4-6 hours and then wear off gradually until they disappear completely.

Medical use

Copelandia Cyancescens is not be the best choice for medicinal and therapeutic purposes because of its high Psilocin levels.

Varieties

Copelandia Cyanescens is one of 8 binomials published in the genus Copelandia and has also been classified as Panaeolus (subgenus Copelandia) Cyanescens. Panaeolus Cyanescens and Copelandia Cyanescens are the same species following two different taxonomic positions (according to Guzmán, personal communication, 1988).

Panaeolus Cyanescens and Psilocybe Cyanescens are not the same mushroom. The confusion comes when both Panaeolus Cyanescens (the subtropical species) and Psilocybe Cyanescens (the wood-loving species) are abbreviated P. Cyanescens.

Usage

For a regular dose, ingest 7-10 fresh mushrooms (about 10 grams) or 1-2 grams of dried mushrooms.

Other psychonauts prefer preparing a "tea" - shred the dried mushrooms, add some hot water (and tea if you like) and wait 5-10 minutes before drinking the brew.

Or you can mix your mushrooms (dried or fresh) with hot chocolate or orange juice - what ever you like.

Warnings

Magic mushrooms can cause a hangover - but not like alcohol. A few minutes after ingestion, one might feel slight nausea and stomach discomfort, maybe one feels a little cold. The art of tripping starts right here - if you encounter those side-effects, try not to get into them too deeply as this could lead to a bad (or so called horror-) trip. Bad or horror-trips usually strike when the experimentee is mentally unstable, depressed or has a negative mental predisposition - even if you are just in bad mood you should skip the trip.

Psilocybin can trigger psychotic episodes and uncover or aggravate previous mental illness.

Combinations

The use of Copelandia Cyanescens in combination with MAO inhibitors is not recommended and should be handled very carefully. Fact is, in interaction with MAO inhibitors only half the dose of mushrooms is required to get on the trip and it will last about 2 hours longer.

Smoking pot is a two bladed sword - in the initial phase it will ruin the feeling of a clear head that the mushrooms provide, but when smoked at the peak of the magic journey the THC intensifies the effects before it fades into a more mellow trip. Smoking marijuana on the comedown, brings the trip back to a certain extend, but nowhere close to the felt effects on the peak of the experience.

Growing

The cultivation of Copelandia Cyanescens is not as easy as other strains like Psilocybe Cubensis, but with a little heart and soul, the right materials and help by The Shroomery it is definitely possible at home.

Storage

Dried mushrooms can be stored for years - fresh ones should be kept in the fridge and should be consumed within 2 weeks (note: the fresher they are, the less unpleasant they taste).