Wild Dagga: Everything You Need To Know

Leonotis Leonurus: Everything You Need To Know


What is Leonotis Leonurus?

Leonotis leonurus, also more commonly known as ‘wild dagga’, is a bright and colourful member of the mint family that has long been utilised for its mildly psychoactive effects. It is native to the southern regions of Africa, where the indigenous tribes are thought to be the first to have used it. It has effects similar to those of cannabis, but significantly milder - hence its name of wild dagga, which means ‘wild cannabis’.

Although mildly psychoactive, Leonotis leonurus is actually legal in most countries, and is often grown as an ornamental plant for its unique looks. The flowers it produces are also extremely resinous and rich in nectar, making it effective at attracting wildlife into a garden.

Due to its nature and legal status, Leonotis Leonurus is often used as a light alternative to cannabis. It is not like for like, but offers users a less intense psychoactive experience.

Common Confusion

Leonotis Leonurus is sometimes confused with four other plants of the same family (Lamiaceae). It has led to false reports on wild dagga’s effectiveness, and even some retailers selling the wrong product under its name. Leonotis leonurus is what you want, and it is sometimes called lion’s tail and wild dagga.

These four other plants contain , the active compound of Leonotis leonurus, but in varying amounts. These four plants are Leonurus sibiricus (Siberian Motherwort), Leonotis nepetifolia (Lion's Ear/Klip Dagga), Leonurus artemisia (Yi-mu-cao/Chinese Motherwort), and Leonurus cardiaca (Common Motherwort). So make sure the stuff you are getting is genuine! 

Effects of Leonotis leonurus

Effects of Leonotis leonurus

The effect of Leonotis Leonurus is that of a mild euphoric sedation. It can create a gentle euphoric buzz, and helps increase feelings of relaxation and comfort. It doesn’t have the potent hit of cannabis, taking a while to build up as you progressively use it.

Traditionally, Leonotis leonurus has also been used for its anti-spasmodic effects, as well as an antihistamine. Other folk uses include the treatment of digestive problems, menstrual problems, cough, colds, parasites, skin problems and even snake bites.

How to Use Leonotis Leonurus

The most common and traditional use of Leonotis leonurus is to smoke it on its own, or as part of a smoking blend. Better yet, try vaporizing it – this ensures that a much higher percentage of its active compounds are inhaled, instead of being destroyed during the combustion process of smoking it.

Leonotis leonurus can also be made into a tincture for discreet dosing, or a tea by steeping it in hot water – for a relaxing hot drink.

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Traditional use of Leonotis Leonurus

History Of Leonotis Leonurus

Although it is not quite known how long Leonotis leonurus has been used for, it is the Hottentot tribe of Leonotis leonurus’ native home, southern Africa, that are most famously known for its use in spiritual, recreational and medical pursuits – although other tribes, such as the Zulu and Xhosa, are also known to use it. It is its wide range of applications that has seen it become such an integral herb within these cultures.

Leonotis Leonurus Botany

Leonotis Leonurus Botany

Leonotis Leonurus is a perennial shrub belonging to the mint family of plants. It is native to southern areas of Africa, but is now grown in temperate climates across the world. It grows roughly 2-5 meters in height, and produces stunning red/orange flowers clustered together in a radial, spiky pattern. The leaves produced by Leonotis leonurus are narrow, oblong leaf stalks that protrude directly from the main stem.

As mentioned, Leonotis Leonurus does particularly well in temperate climates, and now inhabits scrublands, grassland and swamplands in Mexico, Western Australia, California, and the Caribbean. Although it likes these warmer regions of the world, it must be protected from direct sunlight, and brought indoors during the winter, or it will likely die.

Leonotis Leonurus Chemistry

Leonotis Leonurus Chemistry

The main active compound found within Leonotis leonurus is known as leonurine. It is a mildly psychoactive alkaloid, also found within a few other members of the same family of plants (but often to a lesser degree).

Research suggests that the chemical compounds of Leonotis leonurus may possess antinociceptive, antiinflammatory, and hypoglycemic properties. Source: Ojewole JA (May 2005). "Antinociceptive, antiinflammatory and antidiabetic effects of Leonotis leonurus (L.) R. BR. [Lamiaceae] leaf aqueous extract in mice and rats“. Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology 27 (4): 257–64