Cannabis Anatomy: Getting To Know The Cannabis Plant
2 min

Cannabis Anatomy: Getting To Know The Cannabis Plant

2 min
Blog Cannabis

The buds which all cannabis connoisseurs enjoy to consume have an interesting anatomy. Join us with learning all the parts that constitute a wonderful smoke.

When we look at a beautiful cannabis plant we think “I want to have it, I want to touch it, I want to smoke it, I want to make space cakes”, there’s no shame in that. What is it we detect when we look at a cannabis plant? Magic obviously, but what are these small intriguing components? The female cannabis plant will be our main subject of investigation because it brings forth the buds which we have treasured for millennia, but we shall also mention males and hermaphrodites.


Male cannabis plants develop pollen sacks. The pollen fertilizes the female plants which start producing seeds. The male plants need to be detected quickly and removed before they pollinate the females and lower the quantity and quality of the buds. The sex of the plant starts showing within the first 2 weeks of the flowering period. There are also hermaphrodite plants which are both male and female. The plant can become hermaphrodite due to genetics and environmental stress. These plants can pollinate themselves, which is not desired because of the destruction of perfectly potent buds.


Whether male, female or hermaphrodite, these big leaves grow along the length of the plant. They provide the plant with large amounts of energy from the light. The indica strains will have wider “leaf fingers” while the sativas will have the opposite. The fan leaves can be juiced down, many say that they deliver fantastic health benefits. Fan leaves don’t contain any significant amounts of THC, therefore they are usually not consumed by the “high” seekers.






Male Cannabisplant










                      Male cannabisplant

Internode of cannabis plants

Internode cannabisplant

An internode is the stem between the branching or nodes, by the height of the internodes you can make out clearly whether "stretching" occurring.


Cola anatomy

Alright so let's dip into the female plants. The colas are the spots where buds grow. The main cola also called “apical bud” is the main bud of the plant which resides at the top. The side colas grow along the length of the plant, between the fan leaves. They are usually smaller than the apical cola, although they can be enlarged by methods such as LST (Low-Stress-Training) and ScrOG (Screen Of Green). These techniques provide higher amounts of light for the buds, which makes them bigger.


The calyx is the actual flower of the cannabis plant, and it’s beautiful. Next time you look at your bud, notice the tear-shaped nodules that hide between the small “sugar leaves”, yepp, those are calyxes. They contain a high amount of THC, cannabinoids, and other extravagant substances. They can also have different shapes, depending on the genetics of the strain.


What are these strange cool-looking hairs coming out of the calyxes? Those are pistils. They change color during the maturation of the plant. First, they are white and stiff, then they start bending a little, afterwards they turn orange and then brown. The pistils are responsible for capturing the pollen from the male plants, which will eventually create the seeds. Pistils do not contain any significant amounts of THC or cannabinoids, but they sure look cool.



The queen of all components are the trichomes. Look at your bud and see the white powder that glitters in the light, those are trichomes. They contain a high level of THC, cannabinoids, and terpenes. Under the microscope, the trichomes look like frozen droplets of water. The trichomes change size and color during the maturation process. In the beginning, the trichomes are very small and clear and look like small glass orbs, something Merlin would use to summon magical creatures. Then they become longer, like a stem of crystal with the glass orb on top. Further into the flowering process they become smoky, cloudy and then amber. The color of the trichomes will greatly affect the high which the smokers experience.

Resin guard

A ganja scientist can probably name hundreds if not thousands of small particles that constitute a cannabis plant (a trichome itself can be divided into eight parts or more!), however, the aforementioned components are the most good-to-know for anyone that likes to enjoy their magical buds.


  Guest Writer  

Written by: Guest Writer
Occasionally we have guest writers contribute to our blog here at Zamnesia. They come from a wide range of backgrounds and experiences, making their knowledge invaluable.

      Find out about our writers  

Writer of Zamnesia

Written by: Zamnesia
Occasionally we have persons contribute to our blog here at Zamnesia. They come from a wide range of backgrounds and experiences, making their knowledge invaluable.

Find out about our writers

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