Everything You Need To Know About CBD

What Is CBD?

Steven Voser
Steven Voser

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a non-psychotropic molecule produced by cannabis plants. CBD provides a relaxing and clear-headed effect, and can counteract the psychoactive intensity of THC. Read on to discover more about this fascinating cannabinoid.

Cannabidiol - or CBD - is the non-psychoactive compound transforming marijuana. In 1940 organic chemist Roger Adams was the first to isolate CBD. Alas, it was not until the 21st century that the average cannabis user became familiar with any other cannabinoid other than THC.

Of the over 500 natural compounds in cannabis at least 85 are believed to be cannabinoids. It’s shocking that in 2017 we have barely scratched the surface of cannabinoid research. However, with the best current data available, we can at least share what we have learned about CBD so far.

Let’s begin our discovery of CBD by comparing and contrasting it with the cannabinoid we are all best acquainted with THC.


CBD Molecule

In contrast to THC, the CBD molecule has little binding affinity to either of the CB1 or CB2 cannabinoid receptors. The Endocannabinoid System is effectively the internal human cannabinoid system.

Anandamide is the natural human cannabinoid compound that activates the CB1 receptors. CBD has the dual effect of inhibiting the enzyme the body uses to metabolise anandamide, while simultaneously opposing the action of THC at the CB1 receptor. This curbs the psychoactive effect of THC.


It’s impossible to cultivate cannabis without any THC. Even hemp only fit for rope contains traces of THC, perhaps just 0.3% but still some. Near pure CBD products, typically oils and tinctures, are often less effective than whole plant products which contains both THC and CBD in varying ratios. 

CBD OilView Product

As CBD is not intoxicating, high CBD and low THC ensure relaxation rather than stimulation. CBD in isolation has an almost pure body-relaxing effect. Below are three strains that fit nicely into this category of CBD-rich cannabis.


Strains High In CBD And Low In THC

CBD Therapy by CBD Crew is the next generation CBD-rich cannabis strain. It’s truly amazing that marijuana with a 20:1 CBD:THC ratio was derived entirely from recreational strains. This strain is a testament to the master breeders that created her and perhaps the least psychoactive weed available. CBD is typically within the 8-10% range while THC is a tiny 0.5%.

CBD Mango Haze is another gem in the CBD Crew catalogue. This is not just another CBD-rich strain that exceeds the 1:1 CBD: Fruity flavours of pineapple and mango fused with peppery spices make for a real treat for the palate. This sativa dominant hybrid takes a little longer to flower, up to 11 weeks, but yields are generous especially when utilising the ScrOG method. CBD levels of up to 10% and lower THC at 6-8% tips the scales towards a tranquil body effect.

Tangelo Rapido Auto by Barneys Farm is a CBD-dominant autoflowering strain that can be converted from seed to flower in just 70 days. This citrus sweet pocket rocket is a hardy low maintenance plant is a great choice for beginner growers. Yields of between 25-50g can be expected from a low profile, usually 60-70cm tall, branchy specimens.

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As mentioned above, CBD serves to mitigate the psychoactive effects of THC. The CBD and THC relationship is more complex. Although, we still don’t know everything.
We do know CBD plays a larger than mitigating an intense high from THC.

CBD is what scientists call polypharmacological. This is just a fancy way to say it is a compound that on multiple targets and is thereby really bloody difficult to analyse. In addition, the endocannabinoid receptor expression varies from person to person. So each will respond differently to the same CBD:THC ratios.

This makes it all the more challenging to find the perfect CBD:THC ratio. All that being said, cannabis strains with a 1:1 CBD:THC ratio are proving to be on the whole the most effective. CBD and THC combined really is better. Below are three recommended balanced 1:1 cannabis strains.

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Understanding The Importance Of Different CBD:THC Ratios


Strains With CBD:THC 1:1

Cannatonic by Resin Seeds is a vigorous indica-sativa hybrid that can produce a heavy yield in just 7-8 weeks of flowering.  A proven performer in all substrates and forgiving to the novice cultivator. Outdoors even in a short summer, tremendous crops can be harvested.

Critical Mass CBD by Dinafem Seeds is another heavy yielding hybrid of balanced 1:1 buds. Easy to grow and with 5% levels of CBD and THC respectively this is top shelf weed without the catches. For an absolute scale tipping harvest this strain is a fantastic performer with both the SOG and ScrOG methods.

Dance World by Royal Queen Seeds completes our trio of the best 1:1 strains and we’ve saved the best for last. This is the CBD-rich strain that checks all the boxes for the home grower. Perfect for SOG with a short stature of 60-90cm, and low growing odour. Although she appears sativa she flowers as fast as an indica in just 8 weeks. Dance World is uncomplicated to cultivate and will reward the grower generously come harvest for minimal attention.

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